What Is Each Branch of Government Responsible For?

What Is Each Branch of Government Responsible For?

(IntegrityTimes.com) – The US Constitution separated our government into three different sections to ensure a separation of power. The division of the legislative, executive and judicial branches ensures that no single person or institution can act without accountability and rule of law.

This system of checks and balances works well when each branch carries out its given responsibilities.

What Does The Legislative Branch Do?

The Connecticut Compromise of 1787 separated Congress into two branches, the Senate and the House of Representatives. Each house has different powers and responsibilities. Together, Article I of the US Constitution gives Congress the power to:

  • Make laws
  • Declare war
  • Approve federal budgets
  • Impeach federal officials
  • Approve presidential appointees and treaties

The legislative branch keeps the other branches in check with the power to reject a presidential nomination or remove a president from office in extraordinary circumstances. Similarly, a president can veto Congressional legislation, and the Supreme Court can overturn unconstitutional laws that Congress creates.

Understanding the Responsibilities of the Executive Branch

Composed of the president, vice president, and the cabinet, as well as other agencies and committees, the executive branch must carry out and enforce the laws of our nation. The president is considered the head of state and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.

Within the executive branch are 15 agencies, including the Departments of Defense, Labor, Justice, Education, and Transportation. These agencies walk out the decisions made by the president and provide services to citizens as directed by our country’s laws.

A president can veto laws approved by Congress, although they can override a veto with a two-thirds vote. The president is responsible for appointing justices and judges to federal courts, which the Senate must confirm.

What Is the Judicial Branch Responsible For?

The judicial branch interprets the laws written by Congress to ensure they do not violate the Constitution. The Supreme Court is considered the “guardian and interpreter of the Constitution” to ensure every American citizen receives equal justice under the law.

Additional federal courts handle cases where federal laws have been broken and those involving state or federal governments.

Separation of Powers Ensures Equality and Accountability

By dividing our government into three branches, the framers of the US Constitution ensured no president, lawmaker, or judge could wield too much power over the American people. This ensures our freedom and protects our rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

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